All school-aged homeless children are entitled to the same free and appropriate public education that is provided to non-homeless students. Schools are required to remove barriers to the enrollment, attendance, and academic success of homeless students.
Definition of Homeless
Students between the ages of 0 and 22*, who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, and includes:
- Has a primary nighttime residence that is a shelter designated to provide temporary living accommodations such as shelters, motels/hotels, domestic violence shelters, and transitional housing.
- Lives in a car, park, abandoned building, public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
- Lives temporarily in a trailer park or camping area due to the lack of adequate living accommodations.
- Lives “doubled-up" with another family, due to loss of housing, stemming from financial problems.
- Is abandoned at a hospital.
- Resides in a home for school-aged, unwed mother or mother-to-be, if there are no other available living accommodations.
- Is awaiting foster care in limited circumstances but does not include placement in a foster family, foster family agency or group home.
- As placed by the state in an emergency shelter due to lack of alternative housing.
- Is an abandoned, runaway or pushed out youth or migratory child living in any of the circumstances described above.
*Extended beyond compulsory attendance age to address the needs of preschool, early head-start, and student with special education needs.
School Selection & Student Rights
Homeless student can attend the last school of enrollment, if feasible, or Homeless student can attend the school in the area where the family is temporarily residing.
- Student can remain at selected school site throughout the duration of homelessness. The school site is considered the school of origin.
- If the family gains permanent housing, the student can remain at the current school for the duration of that academic year.
- Homeless students who are not attending their school of residence do not have the right to attend the next matriculating school. The student must attend the school in the area in which he/she is temporarily residing.
Schools must immediately enroll homeless students, regardless of the lack of:
- Academic Records
- Proof of Residency
- Medical Records
- Immunization Records
The enrolling school shall immediately contact the last school of attendance to obtain missing records.
SHELTERS & HOUSING
Click on the title of the organization to find additional information about their services.
Short-term, crisis intervention to homeless, runaway, and at-risk youth in OC, Emergency shelter, 24 hour supervision, individual, group, and family counseling.
Laguna Beach: (949) 494-4311
Huntington Beach: (949) 842-6600
Short-term and long-term placement programs to provide basic needs for youth and individual, group, and family counseling.
(800) 914-CASA or (800-914-2272)
Temporary housing and care for teen girls 12 - 17 who are runaways or at risk for homelessness because of volatile family situations. Need willingness and participation from both teen and parents. Need to call to initiate intake process to determine eligibility and suitability to program.
Help families achieve and maintain self-sufficiency through housing, food, counseling, education, and other support services to OC families.
Information, referral services, and short-term support for anyone living or working in Irvine needing assistance with services and resources.
Cost: Free for Irvine residents: $25 for non-residents.
Education and support for homeless families.
Emergency shelter for families.
DOCUMENTS & FORMS
school of origin
- You have the right to stay in the same school after you move to a new foster care placement. Your “school of origin” can be:
- The school you attended when you first entered foster care,
- The school you most recently attended, or
- Any school you attended in the last 15 months that you feel connected to.
- Your school district must work with you, your education rights holder,* your caregiver, and your social worker/probation officer to develop a plan to transport you to your school of origin.
- If you are transitioning from elementary school to middle school or from middle school to high school, you have the right to transition to the same school as your classmates.
- If there is any disagreement about which school you will attend, you have the right to stay in your school of origin until the disagreement is resolved.
enrollment in school
- You have the right to immediately enroll in your regular home school after you move placements.
- You cannot be forced to attend a continuation school or other alternative education program, such as independent study, even if you are behind in credits or have discipline problems at school.
- You have a right to immediately enroll in school and begin attending classes, even if you do not have the paperwork you would normally need for enrollment (such as birth certificate, transcript, or IEP) or you did not check-out from your previous school.
- Your previous school must send your education records to your new school after you enroll.
- You have the right to participate in any activities available at your new school, such as sports teams, tutoring, or after-school clubs, even if you miss a tryout or sign-up deadline.
partial credit policy
- If you change schools during the school year, you have a right to partial credits in all classes that you are passing when you leave your old school, even if you do not complete the entire class.
- After you change schools, your new school must accept the partial credits issued by your old school.
- After you change schools, you have the right to be enrolled in the same or similar classes you were enrolled in at your last school.
- You cannot be forced to retake a class or part of a class that you have already completed with a passing grade, if it would make you off-track for high school graduation.
- You have the right to take or retake any class that you need to go to a California State University or University of California.
- Your grade cannot be lowered because you were absent from school for a court hearing, placement change, or a court-related activity.
- You have the right to stay in high school for a fifth year to complete your school district graduation requirements, even if you are over 18.
- If you are behind on your credits, and you transferred schools after 10th grade, you may be eligible to graduate under AB 167/216 by completing only the state graduation requirements (130 credits in specific classes) instead of your school district’s requirements.
- If you are eligible, the decision of whether to graduate under AB 167/216 is made by your education rights holder.
- You have the right to have the application fee waived when you apply to a community college in California.
- You have the right to receive the maximum amount of federal student aid and you may be eligible for up to $5,000 per year from the Chafee scholarship.
- You cannot be suspended for more than 5 school days in a row or for more than 20 days in a school year.
- You have a right to be told why you are being suspended and the right to provide your version of events and evidence before you are suspended, unless there is an emergency. If the behavior for which you are being suspended could subject you to criminal charges, you should consult with your education rights holder or attorney before providing an oral or written statement to the school or police.
- Your attorney and social worker must be invited to a meeting before your suspension can be extended beyond 5 days and a suspension can only be extended if you are being considered for expulsion.
- You have a right to a formal hearing, and to be represented by an attorney at that hearing, before you are expelled.
- If you are facing a possible expulsion, your attorney and social worker must be notified. If you are in special education, your attorney and social worker must be invited to a meeting to decide whether your behavior was related to your disability.
- You have the right to access your school records if you are 16 years or older or have finished 10th grade.
- Your social worker/probation officer and education rights holder can access your school records as well.