EDUCATION FOR HOMELESS CHILDREN

ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATION - 6173

Definitions
Homeless means students who lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence and includes: (42 USC 11435)

  1. Children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster care placement

  1. Children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodations for human beings

  1. Children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings

  1. Migratory children who qualify as homeless because the children are living in conditions described above

School of origin means the school that the student attended when permanently housed or the school in which the student was last enrolled. (42 USC 11432)

Best interest means, to the extent feasible, continuing a student’s enrollment in the school of origin for the duration of his/her homelessness, except when doing so is contrary to the wishes of his/her parent/guardian. (42 USC 11432)

 

District Liaison
The Superintendent designates the Coordinator of Student Services as the district liaison for homeless students. (42 USC 11432)

The District’s liaison for homeless students shall ensure that:

  1. Homeless students are identified by school personnel and through coordination activities with other entities and agencies
  2. Homeless students enroll in, and have a full and equal opportunity to succeed in, district schools
  3. Homeless families and students receive educational services for which they are eligible
  4. Parents/guardians are informed of the educational related opportunities available to their children and are provided with meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children
  5. Notice of the educational rights of homeless children is disseminated at places where children receive services, such as schools, shelters, and support agencies
  6. Enrollment disputes are mediated in accordance with law, Board policy and administrative regulation
  7. Parents/guardians are informed of all transportation services

 

Enrollment
Placement decisions for homeless students shall be based on the student’s best interests. In determining a student’s best interest, a homeless student shall, to the extent feasible, be placed in his/her school of origin, unless his/her parent/guardian requests otherwise.

The student may continue attending the school of origin for the duration of the homelessness and until the end of any academic year in which the student moves into permanent housing.

If the student is placed at a school other than the school of origin or a school requested by the parent/guardian, the Superintendent or Superintendent’s designee shall provide the parent/guardian with a written explanation of the decision along with a statement regarding the parent/guardian’s right to appeal the placement decision.

 

The District shall provide transportation for a homeless student to and from a district school of origin when the student is residing within the district and the parent/guardian requests that such transportation be provided. If the student moves outside of district but continues to attend the district’s school of origin, the Superintendent or Superintendent’s designee shall consult with the Superintendent of the district in which the student is now residing to agree upon a method to apportion the responsibilities and costs of transportation. (42 USC 11432)

Once a placement decision has been made, the principal or principal’s designee shall immediately enroll the student in the school of choice, even if the parent/guardian is unable to provide the school with the records normally required for enrollment.

 

The principal or principal’s designee shall immediately contact the school last attended by the student to obtain the relevant records. If the student needs to obtain immunizations or does not possess immunization or other medical records, the principal or principal’s designee shall refer the parent/guardian to the Coordinator of Student Services. The Coordinator of Student Services shall assist the parent/guardian in obtaining the necessary immunizations or records for the student.

 

Enrollment Disputes
If a dispute arises over school selection or enrollment in a particular school, the student shall be immediately admitted, pending resolution of the dispute, to the school in which enrollment is sought. The parent/guardian shall be provided with a written explanation of the placement decision, including an explanation of the parent/guardian’s right to appeal the decision to the Coordinator of Student Services.

The Coordinator of Student Services shall carry out the dispute resolution process provided by the state as expeditiously as possible after receiving notice of the dispute.

 

Residency for Homeless Children
Homeless students living in the district shall be admitted to district schools upon presentation of any of the following:

  1. Hotel or motel receipts

  2. A letter from a social service agency or homeless shelter verifying that the student lives within the district

  3. An affidavit from the parent/guardian stating that the family lives within the district

A reasonable effort shall be made to secure an address, phone number and medical release from the parent/guardian when a student is placed in a classroom.

Education Code:
1980-1986 County Community Schools
2558.2 Use of revenue limits to determine average daily attendance of homeless children
39807.5 Payment of transportation costs by parents

United States Code, Title 42

11431-11435 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance act

May 20, 2003