IRVINE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT
FAMILY LITERACY PROJECT
Phonemic Awareness Activities for 4-5-6 Year Olds
Research has shown repeatedly that phonemic awareness is a powerful predictor of success in learning to read. (Reading Program Advisory: Teaching Reading pp. 4-5)
Phonemic Awareness is more highly related to reading than are tests of general intelligence.(Stanovich, 1996)
What is it?
- the understanding that speech is composed of a series of individual sounds
- (called phonemes)
- the ability to hear individual sounds in words
- the ability to manipulate sounds in words orally
In Irvine Unified School District, support for phonemic awareness development occurs in Kindergarten
and first grade and includes the abilities to:
- sing nursery rhymes and songs including playful songs
- play rhyming games
- play with magnetic letters
- use physical responses such as clapping and tapping to demonstrate patterns in song, stories, and words
- separating words into separate sounds
- participating in word play where children change beginning, middle, and ending sounds
- blending letters when learning common spelling and sound patterns
- decoding big words by decoding smaller words or word parts within them
Guidelines for Use of Following Activities
Attached you will find a "developmental" list of activities to reinforce what is happening in your child's classroom. We hope this is a positive and fun one-on-one time with your child.
These activities are intended to be done orally and for short periods of time (5-7 min.) repeatedly in every day life. Examples: in the car, in the bath, waiting for appointments,
car wash, in line, etc...
Have child close eyes and listen for three sounds you make.
Ex: Parent claps hands, snaps fingers, and stomps feet.
Child opens eyes.
Parent says, "First you heard ______.
In the middle you heard_____. And last you heard ______."
Child fills in blank.
Continue listening game using the following:
- animal sounds (moo, oink, quack)
- color words
- familiar items (tree, grass, truck)
- letters of alphabet
- sounds of alphabet "b-a-t"
Read and teach your child Mother Goose's Nursery Rhymes
Substitute rhyming words.
Ex: Hickory, dickory, dock
The mouse ran up the clock.
Child changes clock to a rhyming word such as "sock".
Continue above substitute rhyming with multiple nursery rhymes and Dr. Seuss books, and any other rhymes/songs your family knows. (See attached book list for book ideas.)
Word and Syllable Awareness
Play Word Clap. Parent says "Sailboat."
Child says (while clapping), "Sail boat" (claps two times for the two parts)
playground sandbox crayons chair friend classroom paint paper kitchen bedroom bathroom computer
If your child has mastered 2 syllable (part) words, try 3 syllables.
Play Whats the Word Game
This time parent says a word in parts and the child repeats the entire word.
Parent: "tel e vi sion"
Again, you can make this more difficult with words with more syllables when your child is ready.
Word Family Awareness
Choose a word family to practice.
Parent says, "C .at. Whats the word?"
Child says, "Cat."
Continue with the same word family to reinforce rhyming, vowel patterns and sound blending.
at an it en ot ake ane ole cat ran bit hen dot cake plane sole sat fan hit pen cot sake cane whole bat man sit ten tot rake lane mole fat clan fit men lot make mane pole
Table of Consonants, Vowels, & Word Families
b d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x z
a e i o u sometimes y
Short Vowel sounds:
a e i o u cat pen it top cup
Long Vowels say their own names:
Long "a" "e" "i" "o" "u" cake me tie no cute say meet wife poke hue train eat night boat cue
Nearly 500 rhymes can be derived from the following 37 rhymes:
ack ain ake ale all ame an ank ap ash at ate aw ay eat ell est ice ick ide ight ill in ine ing ink ip ir ock oke op or ore uck ug ump